Piriformis syndrome refers to pain in the buttocks area, just below your low back. The piriformis is an important hip muscle and is located near the sciatic nerve in the buttock, one of the largest nerves in the body. If the piriformis muscle aggravates the sciatic nerve, stinging pain or numbness and tingling may occur in the buttock or down the back of the thigh.
Low back pain is common, and if a herniated disk is the cause of your back pain, movements such as bending or twisting can be difficult. The lumbar spine is found in the low back, above your waistline.
Tennis elbow, also called lateral epicondylitis, is an overuse injury causing pain in the outside of the elbow. This condition is caused by repeated bending back (extension) and turning (rotation) of the forearm and wrist muscles. Repeated and forceful activities such as turning a screw driver, chopping food, and swinging a tennis racquet can lead to tennis elbow.
A cervicogenic headache is a specific type of headache caused by a neck injury or disorder, such as whiplash, a concussion, or a forward head position. Your head is connected to your neck and upper back by many muscles. Large muscles such as the splenius and the trapezius attach to the base of the skull. Beneath the splenius and trapezius are smaller muscles, called the rectus capitis posterior and scalenes that also help support and move the head.
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning, rocking, or being pushed when no actual movement is occurring. The most common cause of vertigo is a condition called BPPV, or Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, which involves short bouts of mild to intense dizziness, or the sudden sensation that you're spinning.
Shoulder pain is very common; and it can happen for a variety of reasons. It may be the result of overuse (such as from repetitive tasks like painting or overhead sports like tennis); come on suddenly from a recent or past event; or it may sneak up on you over time from awkward posture or age-related wear and tear to the shoulder joint. Lifestyle factors play a role, too: stress, smoking, being overweight, and overall poor health can put you at greater risk for shoulder pain.
The brachial plexus is a group of nerves that, when injured, can affect your neck, shoulder, and arm.
The nerves that form the brachial plexus are located near the neck, chest, and shoulder. Nerves that travel between the bones in the neck connect to form the brachial plexus. The nerves then travel along the arm and hand to supply muscles and skin.
Shoulder (glenohumeral) osteoarthritis is arthritis that results from wear-and-tear to your shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is made up of the shoulder socket (glenoid fossa) where the arm bone (humerus) connects. Smooth cartilage covers the surfaces of the bones in your shoulder to allow smooth and pain-free arm movement.
A biceps tendon rupture is a tear where the biceps muscle attaches to the upper arm. Your upper arm bone (humerus) fits into the shallow cup (glenoid fossa) of the shoulder. Your biceps muscle, which allows you to bend your elbow, has two tendons that cross the shoulder joint
A separation of the AC (acromioclavicular) joint is a common and painful injury that can limit shoulder use. An AC separation happens when the collarbone (clavicle) separates from where it meets the shoulder blade (acromion). The ligaments that connect these bones can stretch or completely tear when injured. If the joint’s ligaments are torn, a bump above the shoulder can be seen.